bijalee kaise banatee hai bijalee banaane ke station

doston bijalee banaane ka koee ek tareeka nahin hota hai. varan isake kaee tareeke hote hain. bijalee banaane ke liye kaee prakaar ke station  banae jaate hain. in station  ka kaary sidvaant inake prakaar ke anusaar alag hota hai. bijalee banaane ke station  sthaan ke anusaar chune jaate hain. jaise kisee sthaan par paanee kee kaaphee upalabdhata hai to vahaan par hydro  bijalee power station  sthaapit kiya ja sakata hai. kisee bijalee station  kee sthaapana ke andar aur bhee kaee tarah ke tatvon ka dhyaan rakha jaata hai. is lekh ke andar ham sabhee tarah ke bijalee station on par charcha karengen aapako bataenge ki kis tarah se in station se bijalee banatee hai.

1.hydro electric power  station


yahaan par nadee me ek baandh banaaya jaata hai. is baandh se paanee ko ek tarabaeen par giraaya jaata hai. paanee kee chot se tarabaeen tejee se ghoomata hai jisakee vajah se maikenikal urja banatee hai jisako baad me electrical  urja ke andar badala jaata hai. tarabaeen se nikalane vaala paanee telres ke andar store  ho jaata hai.

By —ArielR 23:29, 4 May 2006 (UTC) – —ArielR 23:29, 4 May 2006 (UTC), CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=757048

vaise hydro bijalee power station  bhee kaee prakaar ka hota hai. kintu in sabhee ka mool tareeka yahee hai. haee hed plant  ke andar isake atirikt ek surang bhee banaee jaatee hai jisase ek vaal tak le jaaya jaata hai. aur ek penastaak bhee hota hai yaani ek tarah kee sunrag jo paanee ke stok tank se tarabaeen tak le jaata hai. taraabeen ek bada ghoomane vaale pahiye ke samaan hota hai.

yahaan par taraabeen bhee alag alag prakaar ke prayog me liye jaate hain .jaise peltan veel tarabaeen aur phennsees tarabaeen

2.naabhikiye power station

is power station  ke andar bijalee banaane me naabhikiy power  ka prayog kiya jaata hai. yah power station  riyaktar ke andar naabhikiye vikhandan kee kriya se yooreniyam aadi ke paramaanuon ko chhote etomik vet vaale paramaanuon ke andar badala jaata hai jisakee vajah se bhaaree maatra ke andar heet utpann hotee hai. is utpann heet ko ek pamp se kheencha jaata hai. aur phir ek gais apanee heet paanee ko deten hain jisase steem banatee hai jo tarabaeen ko chalaatee hai.

naabhikiy riyaktar ko har jagah nahin lagaaya ja sakata. is prakaar ka plant  kisee aise sthaan par lagaaya jaata hai jo aabaadee se bahut door ho. kyonki isake andar leekej hone se bahut bhaaree nukasaan sakata hai ho. yah karodo logon kee jaan le sakata hai. isaliye is bijalee plant  ko sabase khataranaakh plant  maana jaata hai kintu isake kaaphee phaayade bhee hain.
haanlaaki naabhikiye riyektar ke dispojal ko dispoj karane ka tareeka bhee jatil hota hai. inako khule me aasamaan ke neeche nahin rakha ja sakata.

3.dijal power plant

dijal power plant  vaise mahange hote hain. yah plant  vahaan par lagaaye jaate hain jahaan par praryaapt maatra ke andar paanee aur koyala upalabdh nahin hota hai. vaise is tarah ke plant on ka prayog kam hee kiya jaata hai jyaadaatar apaatakaal ke andar is tarah ke power plant on ka prayog kiya jaata hai. deejal power plant  se bijalee banaane ke liye dilaj injan ka prayog kiya jaata hai.

4.gas  power plant

yahaan par bijalee banaane ke liye ek gais ka prayog kiya jaata hai. yah gaise seedhe hee tarabaeen par giraee jaatee hai. ek compressor  alternator  aadi ka prayog kiya jaata hai. yahaan par compressor  ko srtaat karane ke liye ek vidhut motar ka bhee prayog kiya jaata hai. kaheen kaheen par do tarabaeenon ka prayog bhee kiya jaata hai. ek uchch daab vaala tarabaeen compressor  ko ghumaata hai aur kam daab vaala tarabaeen alternator  ko ghoomaata hai.

5.thermal  power station

is tarah ke station  ka prayog lambe samay se kiya jaata raha hai. isake andar koyale se bijalee banatee hai. is station  ke kuchh mahatvapoorn laabh hote hain.
eendhan sasta hota hai
2 kam sthaan ko gherata hai
3 yahaan par tarabaeen 25% ovaralod par chal sakate hain.

Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=176155

is plant  ke kuchh mahatvapoorn bhaag nimn hote hain.

1.eendhan va raakh paripath


yahaan par koyala bhandaar grah se aata hai. usake baad use phiding upakaranon kee sahaayata se use baayalar bhatatee tak pahunchaaya jaata hai. bhatatee ke andar koyale ke dahan se jo raakh banatee hai. vah baayalar ke peechhale bhaag ke andar ekatrit hotee hai jise vahaan se door le jaaya jaata hai.

2. vaayu tatha phalyoo gais paripath

yahaan se indhan ke liye aavashyak hava ko vishes vidhi kee sahaayata se diya jaata hai. baayalar bhatatee me eendhan ke dahan se gais banatee hain jinako chimanee kee sahaayata se baahar chhod diya jaata hai.

hitar se aane vaalee steem tarabaeen ko chalaatee hai jisakee vajah se maikenikal urja banatee hai. jisako baad me electrical  urja ke andar badal diya jaata hai.

kintu is plant  kee kuchh haaniyaan bhee bahut hotee hain neeche uname se kuchh dee ja rahee hain.

1. isakee poojingat laagat bahut adhik aatee hai
2. yah plant  ek bahut bade kshetr ko paanee me doobo deta hai.
3 .yah plant  paanee kee upalabdhata par nirbhar karate hain.
4. sookhe ke saal me utpaadan kam hota hai.

 

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